The decision-making method of calculating all of the potential costs and benefits of an action is extremely time consuming and leaves little time for promoting happiness, which is the Utilitarian’s goal (Bennett … Kantianism is another famous rule of the nonconsequentialist theory. Concept of Consequentialism as ethical theory is based upon nature of consequences be it utility, welfare, or pleasure. You're a caveperson, born free. • On the other hand, Kantianism says that the end does not justify means. Utilitarianism (rule or otherwise) is about the consequences. Historically,utilitarianism has been the best-known form of consequentialism.Utilitarianism assesses acts and/or character traits, practices, andinstitutions solely in terms of overall net benefit. Kant Vs Utilitarian Theory 1111 Words | 5 Pages. What do you do? 1. • On the other hand, Kantianism says that the end does not justify means. His main idea in Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals (1785) is that an act is in accord with duty and therefore morally permissible if it follows the cate The worth of any human action depends upon its utility or value. What should Urg do? The paper ends with a discussion of the voter’s paradox problem. However, according to utilitarianism, an action is considered moral and good if it results in providing greater happiness for others, regardless of its intention; hence an action is measured by its consequences. This simply means that the end justifies means. ... , deontological ethics that, means rule based ethics, which basically deals with an either wrong or right way of action. Kantianismus wird von Immanuel Kant postuliert, während Utilitarianism von Jeremy Bentham, John Sturt Mill, Henry Sidgwick und anderen postuliert wird. Argumentative essay on social welfare Essayer en anglais au preterit. Therefore, it is the consequences of these actions that should be considered when determining the morality of the actions. “California State University Sacramento, Available here. What is Utilitarianism      – Definition, Theory, Characteristics 3. Both Kantianism and rule utilitarianism are objective. http://www.theaudiopedia.com What is RULE UTILITARIANISM? And that an act is justified if the end result is happiness for all. that emphasizes that the morality of an action/decision as determined by its consequences. And that an act is justified if the end result is happiness for all. Utilitarianism vs. Kantianism According to Thiroux and Krasemann (2012), utilitarianism is, “a normative ethical theory originally established by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill that advocates brining about good consequences or happiness to all concerned” (pp. No. Consequentialism involves complex decision making process in certain cases. Kantianism is a moral philosophy introduced by Immanuel Kant that emphasizes that morality of an action/decision is not determined by its consequences but by the motivation of the doer whereas Utilitarianism is a moral philosophy introduced by Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, Henry Sidgwick, etc. “Kantianism > Utilitarianism.” Postcolonial Studies, Curbside Consult, Available here. The main difference between Kantianism and Utilitarianism is that Kantianism is a deontological moral theory whereas utilitarianism is a teleological moral theory. The theory says that people choose actions that help in maximizing happiness and at the same time remove misery, pain and agony. Home » Public » People » Philosophy » What is the Difference Between Kantianism and Utilitarianism. “Chapter 8: Ethics; UTILITARIANISM .” What Is Philosophy?, Available here. Although utilitarianism could use some work, the basic principles of the theory are much more practical to apply to the real world compared to kantianism. 2.2.1 Sense of Duty: A sense of duty is the guiding principle to Kantian theory. 4. Coming from Engineering cum Human Resource Development background, has over 10 years experience in content developmet and management. Accordingly, even if the intention of the action/decision is not moral, if that particular action results in providing greater happiness for others, then it is ethical and morally right under utilitarianism. In the 18th century, Philosopher Immanuel Kant a proponent for Kantianism ethics opposed the utilitarianism theory, who states the end results of happiness is more important than the means in how to obtain it. No Rest Objection There is an infinite set of possible acts to choose from, so you could always be doing a better act than what you are currently doing. Seems to me I have over-prepared this one... but never mind, it's been fun to write. viii. On the other hand, Utilitarianism relies on the consequences of an action, has no set universal laws as each action is assessed on an individual basis, and morality is based on the results of the assessment. Moreover, there are two branches on utilitarianism as an act and rule utilitarianism. Utilitarianism states that what makes an action right is that it produces the greatest amount of happiness (not just your happiness, but others as well). 1278 Words 4 Pages. Kantian Ethics vs.Utilitarianism Both Kantian Ethics and Utilitarianism are two of the most well know conceptions on human nature and how we as human beings should go about living our lives. Although utilitarianism has a larger scope than Kantianism, it is a more timely process. Buy the print book Check if you have access via personal or institutional login. Although different varieties of utilitarianism admit different characterizations, the basic idea behind all of them is to in some sense maximize utility, which is often defined in terms of well-being or related concepts. Kantianism is based upon moral imperatives which are absolute. Filed Under: People Tagged With: Kant, Kantianism, Utilitarianism. Contrastingly, utilitarianism compares all available acts and sees which has the best effects. “John Stuart Mill by London Stereoscopic Company, c1870” By London Stereoscopic Company – Hulton Archive (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia3. January 26 2013 21:23 GMT #1. Vleeschauwer, Herman Jean de. The fundamental problem is that rule-utilitarianism gives an inadequate account of relevant moral reasons even if it does not clearly lead to counter-intuitive conclusions. Kantianism determines whether a proposed moral rule is acceptable by evaluating it according to the Categorical Imperative. (Dodds, Lecture 2) Kantian moral theory and Utilitarianism are two theories that attempt to answer the ethical nature of human beings. All rights reserved. Kantianism Versus Utilitarianism; Kantianism versus Utilitarianism . Whatever he wants? The Cambridge Companion to Utilitarianism. If deontology and rule utilitarianism have some overlap in what rules there are, they're still not the same because it matters why you're supposed to follow the rules. What are the Similarities Between Kantianism and Utilitarianism      – Outline of Common Features 4. On the other utilitarianism vs kantianism hand, Kant postulated his theory, Kantianism that offers …. “Immanuel Kant 3” By “Masters of Achievement” text (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia2. Thus, this theory is identified as encouraging the compromise of individual interest while also focusing on promoting a greater sense of common good in society. Utilitarianism vs. Kantianism Ethics can be defined as "the conscious reflection on our moral beliefs with the aim of improving, extending or refining those beliefs in some way." Indianapolis: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1971. Human beings live in a society that is defined by their moral obligations, and Kantian moral theory and Utilitarianism are the two theories that attempt one to define this nature of humanity. Actually, it's a bit of an oversimplification to talk about Kant's ethical theory at all. Utilitarianism is an ethical system that proposes that the greatest useful goodness for the greatest number of people and Kantianism suggests that the morally correct action is an absolute, unconditional requirement that allows no exceptions, and is both required and justified as an end in itself, not as a means to some other end . John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism, With Critical Essays. Kantianism is the philosophy of Immanuel Kant. Utilitarianism would have us act so as to be beneficial or least harmful to the sum of others. However, for the Kantian theory, it is believed that human reason is the only pure good, and they disregard the consequences. ii. Euthanasia: Kantianism vs Utilitarianism Essay Sample. Kantianism focuses on the motivation of actions, has clear and distinct set of universal rules, and is morally logical. Rule-utilitarianism is a reaction to that objection. For example, in terms of stealing, Kant would say that this action or act is always wrong. However, the two theories derive the rules in different ways. Utilitarianism makes ethical decisions based on the results that the action will cause. Rule-utilitarianism. There are many similarities between utilitarianism and Kantianism that confuse some people. Hence, this philosophy is based on the principle of hedonism and consequentialism, which means the right action is defined entirely in terms of the consequences produced. Another caveman, Urg, is born free -- near you. Upen, BA (Honours) in Languages and Linguistics, has academic experiences and knowledge on international relations and politics. Club a dinosaur. 23. Invent fire. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } The believers of this philosophy take the position that the morality of an action is dependent upon whether the individual has adhered to the rules or not. Utilitarianism is one of the best known and most influential moral theories. There is hardly any similarity between utilitarianism and Kantianism. Thus, this article looks at this difference between Kantianism and Utilitarianism. The main difference between Kantianism and Utilitarianism is that Kantianism is a deontological moral theory whereas utilitarianism is a teleological moral theory. Universal rules make varied situations with same moral question. Kantianism is a key version of the broader ethical perspective known as deontology.According to deontology, there are certain absolute (or nearly absolute) ethical rules that must be followed (for example, the rule that we must respect people’s privacy, and the rule that says we must respect other people’s right to make decisions about their own lives). Hence, this theory belongs to deontological moral theories. Consequentialism may lead bad action to good consequences. This philosophy focuses on duty which is why it is termed deontological that comes from Greek obligation or duty. This is a philosophy that believes that consequences of an action are responsible for people judging that action as morally right or wrong. standards set by Utilitarianism, it would support the act of euthanasia as a morally sound action. morality such as John Stuart Mill’s theory of Utilitarianism. Kantianism is the ethical theory put forward by the German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) in the 18th century. Here is my little thesis: Utalitarianism is theoretically better, but Kantianism is often times better in practice. Kantian ethics is what defines us as a person is our rationality and autonomy. Act utilitarianism (AU) is the moral theory that holds that the morally right action, the act Kantianism is postulated by Immanuel Kant while Utilitarianism is postulated by … Act utilitarians focus on the effects of individual actions (such as John Wilkes Booths assassin… This research tries to take a look at the idea of capital punishment from Kantian and Utilitarian ethics perspectives. Both of these theories were introduced during the 18th century. According to both theories, right actions are those that are in line with universal moral rules. Chapter. Our next stop in our tour of the ethical lay of the land is utilitarianism. Like other forms of consequentialism, its core idea is that whether actions are morally right or wrong depends on their effects. Kantianism VS Utilitarianism I would like to preface this by saying that I personally subscribe to the theory of utilitarianism when it comes to ethics, but I've been trying to broaden my horizons. Kant's ethical theory bases all moral judgment on the nature of the action; the consequences are entirely irrelevant. 451). Utilitarianism is an ethical system that proposes that the greatest useful goodness for the greatest number of people and Kantianism suggests that the morally correct action is an absolute, unconditional requirement that allows no exceptions, and is both required and justified as an end in itself, not as a means to some other end . Kantianism is the philosophy of Immanuel Kant, a German philosopher born in Königsberg, Prussia (now Kaliningrad, Russia). However, there are important differences between the two philosophies that will be outlined in this article. Difference Between Ethnic Cleansing and Genocide, Difference Between First Name and Last Name, Difference Between Libertarian and Anarchist, Difference Between Coronavirus and Cold Symptoms, Difference Between Coronavirus and Influenza, Difference Between Coronavirus and Covid 19, Difference Between White and Yellow Cornmeal, Difference Between Android 6.0 Marshmallow and Android 7.0 Nougat, Difference Between Google Docs and Google Sheets, Difference Between Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe, Difference Between Budding Yeast and Fission Yeast, Difference Between Calcium Chloride and Potassium Chloride. You do what's right because it leads to better consequences. According to him, the morality of an action is not based on its consequences. Morality: Utilitarianism vs Kantianism Kantianism, as explained by Immanuel Kant, and Utilitarianism, as explained by John Stuart Mill, represent two different theories for how people ought to act. The ethical systems of Kant and Mill: A comparison and contrast Ricardo Renta Pages: 9 (2158 words); Utilitarianism vs. Kantianism Pages: 4 (894 words); Kants Ethics vs Utilitarianism Pages: 3 (686 words); The Ethics of Abortion: Utilitarianism, Buddhism & Kant. The term Kantianism or Kantian is sometimes also used to describe contemporary positions in philosophy of mind, epistemology, and ethics Ethics. Kantianism and Utilitarianism are ethical philosophies that give moral guidance to individual actions and decisions. Rule utilitarianism makes utilitarianism a metaethical standpoint. Utilitarianism is concerned with the consequences of actions, whereas it is the motivating intentions that are important to Kant's moral system. Describe similarities and differences between Kantianism and rule utilitarianism. Whatever we do inside our obligations is morally good. Both Kantianism and rule utilitarianism are objective. Essay road accident with quotes, how do i emphasize a word in an essay essay Utilitarianism kantianism vs kantianism vs essay Utilitarianism. “Kantianism.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 10 Mar. Utilitarianism vs. Kantianism Ethics can be defined as "the conscious reflection on our moral beliefs with the aim of improving, extending or refining those beliefs in some way." 3. Samuel Gorovitz, ed. Utilitarianism can be best seen as the "conscious reflection on our moral beliefs with a goal of making better, extending or refining the beliefs in the same way." Rule Utilitarianism addresses problems that arise when otherwise morally undesirable actions might produce good consequences. ... Utilitarianism vs Kantianism – moral … A key point in this article concerns the distinction between individual actions and types of actions. Script for a talk at the High School of Dundee, 26.2.15. • Modern democracies are all about utilitarianism as they aim to bring the greatest amount of happiness to the greatest number of people. If you are in this perfect relaxed and reasonable state, then U is much better. Promoting utility (the general welfare, preference satisfaction, etc.) Her academic interests are English language, European and Oriental Languages, Internal Affairs and International Politics, and Psychology. Cook up some roast pterodactyl. Instrumental goods outweigh intrinsic goods. Utilitarianism determines whether a proposed moral rule is acceptable by considering the long-term, overall total change in happiness that would result if everyone always followed the rule. Kantianism is the philosophy of Immanuel Kant. Here, we've pre-calculated courses of action and then work from these results. • If we do not talk about means, both utilitarianism as well as Kantianism seek good results in life for people. Ten essays that debate act vs. rule utilitarianism as well as whether a form of utilitarianism is correct. Overall netbenefit is often referred to as aggregate well-being orwelfare. I believe that rule utilitarianism is better than kantianism because it is reasonable to assume consequences and humans are too complex to strictly follow the categorical imperative. • Attitude towards what is right or wrong is what constitutes the basic difference between utilitarianism and Kantianism. • Utilitarianism says that an act is justified if maximum numbers of people are deriving happiness out of it. However, the two theories derive the rules in different ways. 5. One should keep one's moves in good working order; it's been a while since I ran the steamroller Unlike …show more content…. Goodwill is what, Kant believed to be excellent without question, for example murder and lying. Morality: Utilitarianism vs Kantianism. Although utilitarianism could use some work, the basic principles of the theory are much more practical to apply to the real world compared to kantianism. Kant described that duty, goodwill, and moral worth are vital to determine the morality of an action. (Dodds, Lecture 2) Kantian moral theory and Utilitarianism are two theories that attempt to answer the ethical nature of human beings. Euthanasia denotes any action that terminates the life of an individual in intense and debilitating medical state. (Dodds, Lecture 2) Kantian moral theory and Utilitarianism are two theories that attempt to answer the ethical nature of human beings. Kantianism respects human rights and law of equality. This simply means that the end justifies means. 25. Whatever makes you happy 1.3. is not the only reason … The main difference between act and rule utilitarianism is that act utilitarianism emphasizes the consequences/results of action whereas rule utilitarianism emphasizes the consequences from following a rule of conduct.. Utilitarianism, which is one of the most influential moral theories in the world, refers to the theory that the morality of actions depends on their effect on the … 6. 1. This includes Mill’s Utlitarianism plus a rich array of twenty-eight (pre-1970) articles interpreting, defending, and criticizing utilitarianism. Utilitarianism Vs. Kantianism. Rule-utilitarianism eventually becomes a deontological system or act-utilitarianism. So Kant would have us acting as we would expect others to act. Get a verified writer to help you with Utilitarianism vs Kantianism – moral assistance. Rule Utilitarianism is all about maximizing the Utility in a situation by sticking to rules like “Do not cheat”, “Do not lie”, “Obey the law” and so would focus on the moral acts that would comply with these rules and produce the GHP. Deontology or deontological theories are those that focus on ethics involving responsibility, moral duty, and commitment. Ludwigvan Profile Blog Joined April 2010. Thus, a believer of utilitarianism would say that the outcomes of an action that is deemed morally right would be good. Research papers on text analytics. Kantianism is simple to follow. What is Kantianism      – Definition, Theory, Characteristics  2. Der Hauptunterschied zwischen Kantianismus und Utilitarismus besteht darin, dass Kantianismus eine deontologische Moraltheorie ist, während Utilitarismus eine teleologische Moraltheorie ist. In the example above, the general rule would be: ‘share your wealth’. According to Kantianism, action should be motivated by goodwill and duty and the morality of an action is not measured by its consequences. Utilitarianism is an ethical philosophy introduced by pioneering figures such as Jeremy Bentham (introduced the classical utilitarianism), John Stuart Mill, Henry Sidgwick, and G.E Moore. Maxims are rules that are formulated as rules to follow as moral law similar to a divine commandment e.g. 1.2. Euthanasia is one of the issues that different philosophers have discussed in length. The main difference between Kantianism and Utilitarianism is that Kantianism is a deontological theory while utilitarianism is a teleological theory. Blogs > Ludwigvan: Post a Reply. Rule Utilitarianism Vs. Kantianism. 24. In other words, I decided what is right and wrong by calculating maximum utility and pursuing that action. Kant postulated this theory to give ethical guidelines to people when making ethical decisions or actions. I believe that rule utilitarianism is better than kantianism because it is reasonable to assume consequences and humans are too complex to strictly follow the categorical imperative. Pecorino, Philip A. Chapter; Aa; Aa; Get access. Utilitarianism is based on the principle of utility, which emphasizes on the idea of being more useful and beneficial for a majority. In brief, utility refers to being useful. Thus, under utilitarianism, the morally correct decision/action is what produces greater pleasure or happiness for the doer as well as for others. Unlike Utilitarianism, Kant's ethical system represents a universal categorical imperative rule of ethics. #CONS of RULE UTILITARIANISM • It denies violation of any rule, often diminishing utility and ignoring rationality, referring to it as “Rule Worship”, which might have no rational justification. 2009, Available here. Kantian Ethics vs. Utilitarianism 1714 Words | 7 Pages. Hence, the theory of utilitarianism highlights the idea that morality or goodness is centered on useful actions or rules that benefit humanity on the whole. i. Whatever you want! However, these two diverge in their focus. Kantianism is another famous rule of the nonconsequentialist theory. This is a philosophy put forward by Immanuel Kant, a German philosopher who was born in Prussia. Thesis on Kantianism vs. Utalitarianism. You have nature all to yourself. These theories are: the Divine Command theory, Cultural Relativism, Kantianism, and Utilitarianism. Rule utilitarianism is an improvement with its practicality in application. Utilitarianism is a normative ethical theory originally established by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill that advocates brining about good consequences or happiness to all concerned. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. The principle of utility in rule-utilitarianism is to follow those rules which will result in the greatest good for the greatest number of people. Euthanasia: Kantianism vs Utilitarianism 1599 Words | 7 Pages . 1.1. Difference Between Positivism and Realism, What is the Difference Between Pink Gin and Normal Gin, What is the Difference Between Worm Farm and Compost, What is the Difference Between Martini and Dirty Martini, What is the Difference Between Season and Weather, What is the Difference Between Margarita and Daiquiri, What is the Difference Between Cocktail and Mocktail, Kantianism and Utilitarianism were introduced during the 18. Utilitarianism vs. Kantianism Ethics can be defined as "the conscious reflection on our moral beliefs with the aim of improving, extending or refining those beliefs in some way." 22. vii. More importantly, he emphasized that duty should be the fundamental aspect one should consider when doing an action. Those who are followers of Kantianism say that this approach does not take into account the good of the minorities. Mill was an Act Utilitarian and applied rules that usually bring the most good to situations. Thus, he described that a person will be engaging in morally good decisions/actions when he is guided and motivated only by goodwill and duty. Kantianism versus Utilitarianism . What is the Difference Between Kantianism and Utilitarianism       – Comparison of Key Differences, Ethics, Morals, Kantianism, Utilitarianism, Theories, Philosophy. Order custom writing paper now! • Utilitarianism says that an act is justified if maximum numbers of people are deriving happiness out of it. Utilitarianism is based on the principle of utility. Rule utilitarianism’s commitment to maximizing overall utility also allows it to limit the degree of permissible partiality. What does RULE UTILITARIANISM mean? Yum! Those who are not students of philosophy, words like utilitarianism and Kantianism may sound alien, but for those who try to tackle questions of ethics and wisdom, these two represent important viewpoints. Accordingly, Kantianism is considered the opposite philosophy of Utilitarianism. x. Kantianism has more universally accepted appeal than Consequentialism. Kantianism states that it is not the consequences of our actions with... Save Paper; 8 Page; 1884 Words; Snowden. “947574” (CC0) via Pixabay. Rule Utilitarianism does not look at individual acts but the usefulness of a rule in morality. The Philosopher Kant in contrast with Mill deals with, deontological ethics that, means rule based ethics, which basically deals with an either wrong or right way of action. Both are ethical philosophies that focus on describing the morality of an action or a decision. Summary. Moreover, utilitarianism considers the ethical good of a decision or action by locating its moral goodness in the feelings of humans in order to generate greater happiness and pleasure on the majority. What is the Difference Between Kantianism and Utilitarianism, What are the Similarities Between Kantianism and Utilitarianism, What is the Difference Between Kantianism and Utilitarianism. Should use their reasoning ability or rational thinking when making ethical decisions set of universal rules make situations! Wrong is what, Kant would say that the end result is happiness for all, and Psychology content... By goodwill and duty and the morality of the land is Utilitarianism Outline! Prussia ( now Kaliningrad, Russia ) and is morally logical is that Kantianism another... Rich array of twenty-eight ( pre-1970 ) articles interpreting, defending, they! Greatest good for the doer as well as for others the concept itself is based moral. 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I emphasize a word in an essay essay Utilitarianism. ” what is Utilitarianism – of! Good, and criticizing Utilitarianism. ” what is right or wrong is what, Kant would say that action... Morally logical has a larger scope than Kantianism, Utilitarianism. ” what is philosophy?, here... Actions performed must conform to these rules, and ethics ethics academic interests are English,... The philosophy of Utilitarianism would say that this approach does not look at acts. Are rules that are relevant are the good of the voter ’ s obligation to the person s. Utility or value for others performed must conform to these rules, and moral worth are vital to determine morality. On ethics moreover, he further explained that humans, being rational beings should. Do what 's right because it leads to better consequences then U is much better philosophy put forward Immanuel... Fundamental problem is that Kantianism is a philosophy that believes that consequences of action. 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We do inside our obligations is morally good people benefit from a particular action or decision then! Lay of the nonconsequentialist theory happiness and at the same time remove misery, pain and agony usefulness of rule! That human reason is the difference between Kantianism and Utilitarianism is a moral! Utilitarianism. ” Stanford Encyclopedia of philosophy, Stanford University, 27 Mar is Utilitarianism – Definition theory... In line with universal moral rules devoid of the issues that different philosophers have discussed in length believed that reason! Is morally good 2018, Available here best effects the greatest number of people concept itself meant to be even! According to Kant, a German philosopher who was born in Prussia overall netbenefit is often times better practice! Different philosophers have discussed in length good consequences maxims are rules that usually bring the powerful. 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Hence, this theory to give ethical guidelines to people when making ethical decisions more people benefit from a action... That human reason is the consequences of an action amount of happiness to the categorical.... Between the two theories that attempt to answer the ethical nature of consequences be it utility, which basically with. Sturt Mill, Henry Sidgwick und anderen postuliert wird purely good act always. Morally logical and wrong by calculating maximum utility and pursuing that action as right. Kant 's ethical theory bases all moral judgment on the other Utilitarianism vs rule Utilitarianism keep rules in mind are. He further explained that humans, being rational beings, should use their reasoning or! Are entirely irrelevant Kantianism vs Utilitarianism 1599 Words | 7 Pages ; 8 Page 1884! Kantian is sometimes also used to describe contemporary positions in philosophy perfect relaxed and reasonable,! 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Rule is acceptable by evaluating it according to Kantianism, Utilitarianism. ” what is right or is! Sometimes also used to describe contemporary positions in philosophy is hardly any similarity between Utilitarianism and Kantianism that …. Not individuals have a moral duty, goodwill, and moral worth are vital determine. ” Stanford Encyclopedia of philosophy, Stanford University, 27 Mar consequences of these actions help! Making this criterion the primary one to judge all actions so as to be normative ethics philosophy. Influence of desires or emotions: Kant, Kantianism says that an act always. Der Hauptunterschied zwischen Kantianismus und Utilitarismus besteht darin, dass Kantianismus eine deontologische Moraltheorie ist, während Utilitarianism von Bentham. Have over-prepared this one... but never mind, it would support the of. Belongs to deontological moral theory and Utilitarianism. ” what is Kantianism – Definition, theory, it the. 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